A non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant, and has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety and seizure-suppressant properties.
Cannabinoids are a class of molecules found both in cannabis and the human body that interact with our bodies’ receptors. Endocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the human body, are an essential component of our bodies’ endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is largely responsible for maintaining internal balance, or homeostasis. Phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, mimic the functions of our endocannabinoids. There are over 140 classified phytocannabinoids in cannabis, including THC (tetrahydrocannabinol - best known as an intoxicant) and CBD (cannabidiol - used to treat dozens different of ailments and conditions. As research continues, we are learning more and more about the additional phytocannabinoids within the cannabis plant, and how they work with the human body.
While hemp-derived CBD is legal in all 50 states, CBD derived from marijuana, is not legal federally. The issue, therefore, of where CBD is legal is largely determined by the source of the CBD. CBD made from 'marijuana' with high levels of THC, is only legal if your state has legalized marijuana.
No. Although CBD is psychoactive (as is a hug) it is non-intoxicating. While full spectrum CBD products do contain THC, it is in such small amounts (under .3%) that it only enhances the ensemble effect of the CBD, other cannabinoids and terpenes naturally occurring in the plant.
The 2018 Farm Bill allows hemp cultivation broadly, not simply pilot programs for studying market interest in hemp-derived products. It explicitly allows the transfer of hemp-derived products across state lines for commercial or other purposes. It also puts no restrictions on the sale, transport, or possession of hemp-derived products, so long as those items are produced in a manner consistent with the law.
The entourage or ensemble effect occurs when using products that include all of the compounds found in the hemp plant – as mother nature intended. Full Spectrum CBD is full of all the terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids, and fatty acids found in hemp, all of which have therapeutic value of their own and together help create the entourage, or ensemble, effect.
It depends on how you administer it and how your own body’s endocannabinoid system receives it. If you smoke or vape CBD (inhalation method), it quickly enters your bloodstream through the lungs and you will feel the effects almost immediately, but it may not have as long of an effect. If you ingest CBD, it has to travel through the digestive system and be metabolized by your liver before it hits your bloodstream. This can take an hour or more. Tinctures absorbed sublingually into the bloodstream usually take effect within an hour but the effects are longer lasting than inhalation. Topicals are absorbed through the dermis and because the skin has a large amount of CBD receptors, one can potentially feel the effects within minutes.
There have been no known overdoses with research reaching the level of consistent doses of 1500mg daily. More is not always better, and this is also true with CBD. The way each person’s endocannabinoid system reacts is different – there is no “one-size fits all” dose. We recommend that, in finding the right dose for you, you start low and slow. It may take some time to find the right dosage, but once you reach it, your body will find its balance (homeostasis).
As with all hemp products made from the entire plant, there is a chance that consumption could trigger a positive drug test. We are hopeful that drug test policies will quickly evolve in line with the law, but in the meantime, consult your doctor and/or employer if this is a concern.